Slow, controlled, preferably unloaded movement of a joint through a full ROM (pain free) in all available planes of motion.
Mobilisation will improve/maintain mobility of a joint
Remember: Psychologically people might refrain from certain movements because it has hurt them in the past. Passive movements can promote confidence and encourage them to start moving the joint again :)
Contraindications to joint mobility work:
- Heat/inflammation (swelling)
- Recent unstable fractures
- Neurological symptoms (spasms, numbness, pins & needles, dead shoulder = nerve impingment)
- Mechanical blocks (e.g. bursas trapped under acromion head)